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Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?
Section A

Lead in Look at these problems. Can you

give some advice?
too much homework

Maybe you could talk about it with your teacher.

not have enough sleep

Maybe you should go to bed earlier.

I got into a fight with my best friend.

Can you give me some advice?

1. You should say you are sorry. 2. You could write a letter to her. 3. Maybe you could go to her house and say sorry. ...


1b Listening: Listen and circle the problems in 1a.


1.What problems do students think are the most serious? 2.Why?
3.What advice can you think of ?

should should

could could

d ______
______ e

a ___ c _____
_____ b

3a Read the letters and complete the chart. Problems Advice

talk about these feelings I can’t get on with my with your family family. do more jobs around the My parents fight a lot. house My elder brother is not sit down and communicate very nice to me. with your brother

Discuss in groups

communicate refuse nervous get on with

—You look tired. What’s the matter? —I studied until midnight last night so I didn’t get enough sleep. should do? —What _______I Why don’t —______ _____ you forget about it? Although she’s wrong, it’s not a big deal.

should he do? —What ______ —He should talk to his friend so that he can say he’s sorry. —Maybe you ______ could go to his house. —I guess I could, but I don’t want to surprise him.

so that




4c Choose one of the problems and ask your classmates for advice. Decide which classmate has the best advice.
Problems You left your homework at home. Your best friend is more popular than you. You are afraid of speaking in front of people. Your best friend does not trust you any more. Your parents always argue. For example: A: My best friend is more popular than me. I want to be like him. What should I do? B: You could try to be friendlier. C:You should just be yourself.


I want to buy a new guitar but I don’t have
enough money.

What should I do

get a part-time job. borrow some money from your You could / should brother. ask your parents for some money. sell your CDs.


1. Why don’t you talk to your parents? 为什么不跟你的父母谈谈呢? 【自主领悟】(1)Why don’t you do sth. ? 这是一个否定疑问

句 , “ 为什么不??? ” 常用来征求意见和提出建议 , 相当于
Why not do sth. ? 句式。例如: Why don’t you go with us? = Why not go with us? 为什么不同我们一起去呢? (2)talk to sb. 意为“同某人谈话”。例如: He talked to me about my study. 他跟我谈了关于我的学*的事情。


【活学活用】 ①—Why don’t you John a toy car for his birthday?

—Good idea! He is crazy about cars.

A. buy

B. buying

C. to buy

D. buys

②Why not go out for a rest? (改为同义句) going out for a rest?

答案: What/How about

2. My parents don’t allow me to hang out with my friends.
我的父母不允许我跟我的朋友们出去闲逛。 【自主领悟】allow 作动词 , 意为“允许 , 准许”。常用结构 :

allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事。例如: My parents don’t
allow me to smoke. 我的父母不允许我吸烟。

【归纳拓展】allow的不同搭配 (1)allow sth. /doing sth. 允许(做)某事

例如: We don’t allow eating in the classroom.
我们不允许在教室里吃饭。 (2)allow sb. sth. (双宾语)给予某人某物 例如: He allows his son too much money. 他给他儿子太多的钱。

(3)be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事
例如: He should be allowed to have a break. 应该允许他休息一下。

【活学活用】 ①约翰先生允许我使用他的雨伞。


John_________ ________ _________ ________ his

umbrella. ②他们只允许在这间房间里吸烟。 They _________ ________ in this room only. 答案: ①allows me to use ②allow smoking

3. I guess you could tell her to say sorry.
我认为你会告诉她说对不起。 【自主领悟】tell常作及物动词, 意为“讲述, 告诉”, 其后常

跟双宾语, 即tell sb. sth. 结构, 或跟复合宾语, 即tell sb. (not)
to do sth. 结构, 意为“告诉某人(不)做某事”。 例如 : I think you should tell your friend to buy different clothes. 我认为你应该告诉你的朋友买不同的衣服。

【用法辨析】“说”不同 及物动词, 常用于: tell sb. sth. =tell sth. to sb. 告诉 某人某事 一般作及物动词用, 强调说话的内容, 宾语可以是名词、 代词或宾语从句 一般为不及物动词, 意为“交谈, 谈话”, 着重强调两 者之间的交谈

say talk

强调说的动作, 不强调所说的内容。作及物动词时, 后 speak 常跟某种语言作宾语; 作不及物动词时, 常用短语 speak to sb. “跟某人讲话”


【活学活用】 ①—Would you like to go swimming in the river with us? —Sorry, I won’t. Our teacher often tells us that.

A. not do
C. not to do ②—Can you

B. to do
D. to not do English?

—Yes. But only a little.
A. say B. speak C. tell D. talk

4. When they argue, it’s like a big, black cloud hanging over our home. 当他们吵架的时候, 就像有一块又大又黑的乌云罩在我们家。 【自主领悟】argue作动词, 意为“争辩, 争论, 辩论”, 其过去 式和过去分词都是argued。其用法如下:

(1)argue with sb. “为??与某人争辩”。例如: Mary often argues with her friends about math problems. 玛丽经常和朋友辩论数学问题。 (2)argue about/on sth. “争论某事”。例如: Next class we’re arguing about family activities. 下节课我们辩论家庭活动。 (3)argue sb. into/out of doing sth. 说服某人做/不做某事。例

如: He argued his father out of smoking.

【活学活用】 ①—What’s wrong with you? —Yesterday I argued __________Tony _________the thing. A. to; about C. with; about B. for; about D. at; with

We argued him_________ _________the Music Club. 答案: into joining

5. Instead he watches whatever he wants until late at night. 相反, 他看他想看的电视一直到晚上很晚。 【自主领悟】(1)instead作副词, 意为“代替, 而不是”, 常用

作状语。例如: He is sleeping. Let me go instead. 他睡了, 让

(2)whatever作连接代词, 意为“任何的事物”、“无论什么”, 由“疑问词+ever”构成。并且可以跟“no matter +疑问词” 进行同义句转换。类似的词还有whenever, wherever, however, whoever, 分别是“无论何时”、“无论在哪里”、“无论什 么方式”、“无论谁”的意思。例如:

Whenever I meet him, he says hello to me with a smile. 无论我
什么时候遇见他, 他都微笑着和我打招呼。 The little boy went wherever his mother went. 无论他妈妈去哪里, 这个小男孩都跟着。

【用法辨析】instead与instead of的异同

为副词, 通常放在句首或 句末, 在句首时常用逗号 instead 隔开, 表示前面的事没做, 而做了后面的事
为介词短语。意为“代 替, 而不是”, 后面可以 instead 跟与前面并列成分相应 of 的名词、代词、动词-ing 形式等作为介词宾语

He didn’t go to school. Instead, he went to the cinema. 他没有去学 校, 相反他去了电影院。
He went to the cinema instead of going to school. 他去了电影院 而不是去上学。

【活学活用】 ①你喜欢什么就拿什么吧。

You can take _________you like.
答案: whatever ②—Where are you going for vacation? —I finally decided to go to Hangzhou _________ to Beijing. A. instead of go C. instead going B. instead of going D. instead go

③她从不学*, 而是整天玩电脑游戏。
She never studies. _________, she plays computer games all day.

答案: Instead

6. My cousin borrows my things without returning them.

【自主领悟】return 意为“归还” , 为及物动词 , 相当于 give back, 其后可接双宾语, return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb. 例 如: Don’t forget to return me the keys. 别忘了把钥匙还给我。

return还可意为“返回”, 不及物动词, 相当于go back, 后 接地点时需接介词to。例如: He returned to Shanghai a week

ago. 一周前他回到上海。

①那本书你还给图书馆了吗? Did you the book the library?

答案: return; to
②I don’t know when we will A. return back C. return back to B. return to D. return Hong Kong.

Ⅰ. 用所给词的适当形式填空

1. Students sometimes don’t have free time
they like. 2. I found a small boy 3. I want 4. Mary is good at

(do) things

(cry) in the corner yesterday.

(send) her a postcard. (write) letters.

5. Please give me some
答案: 1. to do 2. crying

3. to send 4. writing 5. advice

6. Tony refused

(share) the box of chocolates he

7. —Would you mind me —I’m sorry, but it’s not allowed. 答案: 6. to share 7. opening (open) the door?

8. I am not going today. Firstly, I am feeling a bit tired. (second), I have been there several times before. 9. Please speak louder. I can’t hear you 10. (clear). (copy) others’ homework is not right.

答案: 8. Secondly

9. clearly 10. Copying

Ⅱ. 单项选择 1. I the newspaper and didn’t find anything

A. looked after C. looked through 2. Today Tom has A. too many B. looked up D. looked out homework to do. B. many too

C. too much

D. much too

3. My parents don’t allow me
A. go C. hang B. to go D. hung

out at night.

4. Why don’t you
A. sleep C. sleeping

a little earlier tonight?
B. to sleep D. slept

5. Good manners can help people to
A. get on well with C. get together —No hurry! Don’t get on B. get started D. get along

each other.

6. —Look! Here comes the bus. it stops.

A. until

B. after

C. while

D. when

Ⅰ. 完成句子 1.他和最好的朋友吵架了。 He _____ best friend. had _____ a _____ fight _____his with 2. 你为什么不忘记那件不愉快的事呢? Why you ——— forget the unhappy thing? —— don’t —— —— 3.我们该怎么做? What _______ should we _____ do ? 4.或许你应该说对不起。 _____ you ______ Maybe should _____ say you are sorry. 5.你可以和父母谈谈这个问题。 could _____ talk about this problem with your parents. You _____

Ⅱ.完成对话 根据对话情景,填入所缺的词完成对话。 A: I need some ______to money buy gifts for my family.

What ________ should I do? don’t _____ask you B:Why _____ your parents for
some money ? A: Oh, no. I don't like to do that. B: Then I think you _______ could get a part-time job. A: _______a That’s good idea.

Suppose one of your pen pal from America has come to
live in China with his parents.He wants to practice his Putonghua,but he is shy. What should he do? Do you have any good ideas? Now write him a letter to give him some advice.

Unpleasant advice is a good medicine.

Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to

your parents?
Section B

Lead in
Questions : Do you have any pressure or stress in life? What kind of stress do you usually have? What activities do you usually do to help lower your stress ,listening to music , playing games or other activities?

take a walk, travel, drink coffee, sleep, chat online,...

For example:

2 1 6 7 3 5 4 8

chat online

In order to lower my stress, I usually hang out with my friends,...

√ √ √


What after-school activities can you think of?
What after-school activities do you usually do?

Do you …after school?

1. Who makes decisions in your family?

2. Do you feel stressed out when your parents ask you to get
good grades?

If so, do you complain about that?
3. Do you think you are under pressure? 4. Do your parents often compare you with other children? 5. Do your parents push you to learn more/ send you to all kinds of classes?

Reading skill

1.What is the common problem for Chinese and American families? Children are sometimes busier on weekends than weekdays because they have to take so many afterschool classes. 2.Who gives their opinions about the problems? Cathy Taylor, Linda Miller and Dr. Alice Green.

continues training stress typical compete



pressure 词义 n. 压力; 压迫 Some children are under too much pressure. 例句 一些孩子压力太大。


v. 比较; 对照
Compare this with that, and you will find


which is better. 将这个与那个比较一下,你就会发现哪


push 词义 v.推动;推移 Now parents seem to push their children 例句 a lot more.


1.Does Cathy Taylor think it’s important for kids to join after-school activities? Yes, she does. 2.Does Linda Miller agree with Cathy? What’s her opinion? No, she doesn’t.She thinks parents shouldn’t push their kids so hard. 3.Does Dr. Green agree with Cathy or Linda? What does she say? She agrees with Linda. She says kids should have time to relax and think for themselves.

These activities are important for children’s future. Kids should have time to relax and think for themselves. Although it’s normal to want successful children, it’s even more important to have happy children.

Writing Suppose you are Dr. Alice Green.Write a letter to Cathy Taylor. Give advice about what she should do with her children. Dear Cathy, I hear that your children are under too much pressure. I understand you, but I’m very worried. It’s bad for their health. You should give your kids a bit more time. Because they need time and freedom to relax, and they also need time to do things by themselves. If you go on doing like this, your children may find it hard to think for themselves when they are older.

Good luck!
Alice Green

so that

so that until Although so that

Maybe you should say you’re sorry.

You could go to the party first, then after the party, you can study for your exams.

Maybe you could study in another room.

1. I have to compete with my classmates at school. 在学校里我不得不跟我的同学竞争。 【自主领悟】compete作动词, 意为“竞争; 比赛; 对抗”, 过去

式为 competed; 过去分 词为 competed 。常用结 构 : compete
with sb. 意为“与某人竞争”。例如: We can’t compete with them on price. 我们在价格上无法与他们竞争。

【归纳拓展】compete变形记 (1)competition为名词, 意为“竞争、比赛”。例如: We won the contract in the face of the competition.

面对竞争, 我们赢得了这份合同。
(2)competitor为名词, 意为“竞争者、对手”。例如: Our main competitor is Class Four.


①小商店很难与超市抗争。 It is difficult for a small shop to a

②你愿意参加下周的游泳比赛吗? Will you take part in the 答案: ①compete with next week?

②swimming competition

2. However, the tired children don’t get home until after 7: 00 p. m. 然而, 疲惫的孩子们直到晚上7点之后才到家。 【自主领悟】(1)until作介词, “直到??为止”, 也可用作连词。 即until

作介词,接表示时间的名词或数词。 例如: He waited until 12: 00. 他一直等到12点钟。 作连词,接表示时间的状语从句。

(2)not. . . until意为“直到??才; 不到??不”, 常与非延 续性动词连用。 例如: He didn’t go to bed until his father came back.

直到他爸爸回来, 他才上床睡觉。

【归纳拓展】until用法小结 (1)until用于肯定句中, 谓语动词只能是延续性动词; 表示动作

(2)until引导时间状语从句, 当主句用一般将来时时, 从句一般 用一般现在时代替, 即“主将从现”。 例如: I will wait for him until he comes back. 我将等到他回来。

①—How was your climbing Mount Huang? —I didn’t believe I could do it I got to the top.

A. until
C. after

B. while
D. before

Yang Lei 答案: didn’t; until go to school 8 years old.

3. And they are always comparing them with other children.
并且他们总是把他们(自己的孩子)与其他孩子做比较。 【自主领悟】compare作动词, 意为“比较, 和??相比”。常

例如: He never compares himself with others. 他从来不拿自己和别人比较。

【归纳拓展】compare的不同搭配 compare. . . to. . . 意为“把??比作??”。用来比较 不同事物间的相同点。该短语中的compare是及物动词, 后面 直接接宾语。to后用名词或代词作为比作的对象, 常含有比喻、

类比的意味。例如: Life is compared to voyage. 人生好比航海。
People often compare the life to a stage. 人们常把人生比作一个舞台。


【活学活用】 ①Nowadays lots of parents are always comparing their children A. to others. B. with C. on D. for

②People often compare teachers
A. with B. for C. on

D. to

Ⅰ. 用所给词的适当形式填空

1. My parents give me a lot of
2. There are many after-school 3. We should study hard 4.

(activity) now. (get) better grades.

(hang) out with your friends is a good way to

reduce your sadness. 5. There will be an English 答案: 1. pressure 5. competition 2. activities (compete) tomorrow. 3. to get 4. Hanging

Ⅱ. 单项选择 1. Giving A. so much stress is not good for children. B. so many C. too many D. many so

2. I don’t want to compete

anyone. I only want to do

my work well.
A. to B. in C. on D. with

with him.

you are angry,

you shouldn’t have a fight

A. Although; but

B. But; although

C. Although; /

D. But; /

Ⅲ. 用所给词的适当形式填空
1. I’ll have a baseball
2. My uncle is a very 3. You shouldn’t only think for

(train) tomorrow afternoon.
(success) businessman. (you), boys. You

should listen to others’ opinions.
4. China’s quick (develop) causes the world’s attention.

5. I think everyone should learn
答案: 1. training 4. development 2. successful 5. to relax

3. yourselves

Ⅳ. 完成句子
1. 你应当删除这些不重要的细节。 You should these unimportant details.

2. 昨天直到他打扫完教室才回家。
He classroom yesterday. 答案: 1. cut out 2. didn’t go; until home he cleaned the

3. 对我们来说, 半小时内完成这道题很难。

It is
problem in half an hour. 4. 很多学生在学校里有太多的压力。

work out this

Many students have

at school.

5. 现在, 很多女生总是把自己的衣服与别人的衣服做比较。 Nowadays lots of girls are always others’. 答案: 3. hard for us to 4. too much pressure 5. comparing; their clothes


Ⅰ. 单项选择 1.Students should have time ______.



C.to relax


2.It's time ____ sports.





3.It's said that many children are under ______ pressure. A.too many B.many too C.too much D.much too

4.Nowadays parents seem _____their children a lot more.
A.pushy B.push C.to push D.pushing

5. Parents shouldn’t always compare their kids





6.I didn’t go to bed last night ______ I finished my homework. A.although B.because C.until D.so

Ⅱ. 同义句转换 1.They get home after 7:00 p.m. every day. don’t get home _____7:00 until They _____ p.m. every day. 2. It’s time to go to school. It’s ______ time _______ for ______ school.

3. He worked hard, but he still failed in the exam.
Although he worked hard, he still failed in the exam. ________

Pressure is a serious problem in today’s world.We should find ways to relax. Are you or your friends under pressure? Do a survey and write a short passage about the results of the survey.

A merry heart goes all the way.

Unit 4 复*

情态动词should、could的用法 【观察领悟】 仔细观察例句并填空。 1. You should call him so that you can say you’re sorry. 2. If your parents are having problems, you should offer to

3. He should talk to his friend so that he can say he’s sorry.

4. Maybe you could go to his house. 5. You could try to be friendly. (结构: ①should+ ②could+ )

答案: ①动词原形 ②动词原形

【探究总结】 (一)should的用法 1. 结构:

(1)基本结构: should是情态动词, 后接动词原形。
(2)否定结构: 在should后直接加not, 缩写为shouldn’t。 (3)疑问结构: 将should提到主语之前。

2. 含义及用法: (1)表示建议、劝告。 (2)表示义务。



1. 含义:
could是情态动词can的过去式, 但常用于疑问句中, 表示 委婉语气。

2. 用法:
(1)表示过去能做的事。 (2)表示请求许可。常用于疑问句中 , 表示委婉语气。答 语常用can或can’t表示接受请求或拒绝请求。 (3)表示建议或劝告, 意为“可以, 不妨”。


Ⅰ. 完成句子
1. 你应该在睡前刷牙。 You your teeth before you go to bed.

2. 你不应该天天玩游戏。
You games every day.

3. 他们应该在天黑前到达。 They arrive before dark. 2. shouldn’t play 3. should

答案: 1. should brush

Ⅱ. 单项选择 1. Tony A. can play the piano very well at the age of 5. B. could C. will D. should


you pass me a pen? I’d like to write down the

telephone number. A. Should B. Could

C. Will

D. Need

3. —Could I use your bike?
—Yes, of course, you A. can B. could .

C. will
—Maybe you A. must C. couldn’t

D. need

4. —I need some money to buy a computer. get a part-time job. B. may D. could

Ⅲ. 句型转换 1. You should get up early. (改为否定句) You up early.

2. You should get her a scarf. (对画线部分提问)
I get her? 3. He could be there on time. (改为一般疑问句)

答案: 1. shouldn’t get

there on time?
2. What should 3. Could; be

本单元以“谈论问题, 提出建议”为话题。在写作时, 应 针对问题提出建议, 此话题是新课程标准中要求学*的一个重 要话题, 也是单元测试和中考等试题中常考的话题作文之一。

【*作在线】 假如你是 Julia, Jane 是你的好朋友 , 但她弄丢了你的书 , 为此你们发生了争执, 并多日未交谈, 想起往日的友情, 你觉得

有必要写一封信向她道歉, 并向她提出爱护好自己物品的建议。
请就此给她发一封电子邮件表示你的诚意。 ________________________________________________


【思路点拨】 应用文 。 (1)体裁: _______ 第一人称 。 (2)人称: _________ 一般过去时 。 (3)时态: ___________

Dear Jane, I’m sorry to have a fight with you a few days ago.

We haven’t talked with each other these days. You are still my
best friend, aren’t you?

Some days ago, when I heard that you lost my book, I was really mad. So I argued with you, and said that I could not be

your best friend from then on. Later, I didn’t sleep well at night.
I always remembered a lot of fun we had. So I decided to write a letter to say sorry to you. I also think you should be careful and take good care of your things. Let’s be best friends again, OK? Yours,


Ⅰ. 词汇速记
1. 争吵; 争论(v. ) 2. 代替; 反而; 却(adv. )

3. 任何; 每一(pron. )
4. 持续; 继续存在(v. ) 5. 比较(v. ) 答案: 1. argue 5. compare 2. instead 3. whatever 4. continue

6. communicate (v. )
7. second (num. ) 8. develop (v. )

→ →

(n. )交流; 沟通
(adv. )第二; 其次 (n. )发展; 成长

9. unusual (adj. )
答案: 6. communication 8. development

7. secondly

(反义词)(adj. )通常的

9. usual

Ⅱ. 短语互译
1. 允许某人做某事 _________ sb. _______ _______ sth. 2. 浏览 3. 成功地发展; 解决 4. 与??交流 5. copy others’ homework 答案: 1. allow; to do look____________ work ____________ communicate ____________ ____________ 3. out 4. with

2. through

5. 抄袭别人的作业

6. give sb. pressure
7. compete with sb. 8. have a quick dinner

9. compare. . . with
答案: 6. 给某人施加压力 7. 与某人竞争 8. 匆忙吃过晚饭 9. 比较; 对比

Ⅲ. 句型攻关 1. ——彼得应该怎么办? — ——他应该向玛丽道歉。 Peter do?

—He should
2. 为什么不早一点起床呢? you


up earlier?

答案: 1. What should; say sorry to

2. Why don’t; get

3. 他直到下午两点才到家。 He home 2 p. m. .

4. 在学校里, 吉娜和同学相处得很好。

school. 5. 在这条河里游泳很危险。

with her classmates at

in this river.
答案:3. didn’t get; until 5. It’s dangerous to swim 4. gets on/along well

Ⅳ. 词汇串记
There’s something 2 1 (错误的; 不对的)with Tina. She (和……争吵)her parents. She thinks her clothes are out of

style. She has no


(钱)to pay for new clothes. No one

wears the same clothes as her.

Parents try to fit as much as possible into her life. She must take part in 4 (各种各样的)clubs, including English 5 (训练)every 8 ( 直到 )10 9 6 (删除; 除去)some club. She had to take part in the basketball weekend. Tina hopes her parents will of her activities. She can’t 7 o’clock every night except Friday.

( 回来 )home

Her parents always 10

(比较)her with other children. She feels very mad. She feels very tired and she hopes she will be a happy and 的)girl. (成功

答案: 1. wrong
5. training 10. successful

2. argued with

3. money

4. all kinds of
9. compare

6. cut out

7. return

8. until


1. (2013· 鞍山中考)—Can I smoke in the dining hall?
—Sorry. It’s not A. promised . B. realized

C. allowed

D. reminded

【解析】选C。考查词义辨析。由答语上一句可知吸烟不被允 许。promise意为“承诺”; realize意为“意识到”; allow意为 “允许”; remind意为“回想起”。故选C。

2. (2013· 长沙中考)—It’s too late. I have to go now.
—Oh, it’s raining outside. Don’t leave A. since B. until C. while it stops.

【解析】选B。考查连词的用法。句意: ——太晚了, 我现在必
须走了。 —— 噢 ! 外面正在下雨 , 不要离开直到它 ( 雨 ) 停。 not. . . until. . . 直到??才??。故选B。

3. (2013· 泰州中考)—I feel stressed from time to time. Could you give me some advice? — sharing your worries with your parents? B. How about A. Why don’t you

C. Why not

D. Would you like

【解析】选B。考查固定句式。Why don’t you. . . 后接动词 原形, How about. . . 后接动名词, Why not. . . 后接动词原

形, Would you like. . . 后接动词不定式。由答句中的动词
sharing知, 用句型: How about. . . , 故选B。

4. (2013·锦州中考)
box is too heavy. A. Should

you please give me a hand? The

B. Could

C. Must

D. Need

【解析】选B。考查情态动词的用法。Could you please. . . ? 你能??吗? 故选B。

5. (2013· 安徽中考)You
very dangerous. A. wouldn’t

drive your car so fast. It’s
B. shouldn’t

C. couldn’t

D. mightn’t

【解析】选 B 。考查情态动词的用法。 wouldn’t 意为“将不 , 不会”; shouldn’t意为“不应该”; couldn’t意为“不能; 可能 不”; mightn’t意为“可能不”。句意: 你不应该开车这么快, 非常危险。故选B。